Anatomy and Types of Pliers


Even when you don’t use this tool on a regular basis, you must have a pair of pliers at home. There are different types of pliers used for different applications. A set of slip joint pliers is the most common. You cannot make DIY plumbing or electrical repairs without this tool. In this article, you will learn about the anatomy of this tool and different types of pliers.  

Anatomy of Pliers 

A pair of pliers has multiple parts and these parts are used for different jobs. This tool consists of: 

  • Jaws 
  • Fulcrum 
  • Pipe Grips 
  • Handles 
  • Cutters  


This part is also known as nose. This is the working end used for gripping. After gripping a wire, you can bend it, twist it and do other stuff. Jaws also have cutters and/or pipe grips. 


Also known as pivot points, fulcrum is where handles and jaws connect. It also supports the creation of force the jaws need to do the job. 

Pipe Grips 

The inner sides of jaws contain round or oval shaped openings. As the name implies, this part is used for gripping round items such as pipes. 


You use this part of the tool to hold the pliers. Some pliers have straight handles while others have curved handles. Handles can be bare metal or plastic coated. You must use pliers with plastic coated handles while working with wires. 


If you want to use your pliers to cut metal and wires then buy a set of pliers with cutters. 

You might have already used cutters, pipes grips and jaws during the repair work. 

Types of Pliers 

There are different types of pliers such as crimping pliers electrical, diagonal pliers, hose clamp pliers, needle nose pliers, slip joint pliers, snap ring pliers, tongue & groove pliers, eyelet pliers, fencing pliers, split ring pliers and so on. You can do the crimping job using flat nose pliers as well. However, using the right type of pliers for the given job makes a big difference. Let’s learn about different types of pliers. 

Crimping Pliers 

Also known as crimping tools, the fulcrum of crimping pliers is at the far end. You can use this type of pliers much like nutcrackers. You can feed a wire into the jack of the jaws, then a connector. Squeeze handles to break the plastic coating and crimp the section. This type of pliers is used in networking and telecommunications. 

Slip Joint Pliers 

As the name shows, it has a slip joint at the fulcrum. This tool has a flat and serrated tip. It has an adjustable pivot point. 

Hose Clamp Pliers 

There are different designs of hose clamp pliers for different tasks. The tips of jaws feature a peg-shaped tooth. 

Needle Nose Pliers 

The tip of this type of pliers is elongated and pointed. You can use needle-nose pliers in jewelry making, electrical work, twisting and bending wire and fishing. 

Tongue and Groove Pliers

This type of pliers is also known as channel locks. They are very similar to slip joint pliers. However, this type of pliers opens much wider. You can lock the lower jaw in different positions.   

Bent Nose Pliers 

This type of pliers has bent jaws. They are bent at the midpoint at an angle of 45° or 90°. Bent nose pliers are used for bending and shaping in electrical work and jewelry making. 

Brake Spring Pliers 

This is a tool used for replacing and removing springs in drum break. The larger jaw is rounded and curved inwards. 

Fencing Pliers 

This type of pliers resembles a hammer. You can use fencing pliers to cut different gauges of wire. 

Flat Nose Pliers 

This tool has flat tapered jaws. You can use it to twist metal and wires. It is suitable for electrical and mechanical work.


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